Reduction of CO2 emissions
Detailed description of the Good Practice
In 1990, the village of Toftlund (pop. 4000) in South Jutland set itself the goal of fulfilling the Brundtland Commision's challenge to rich countries - of reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions by 30-50 %. But with a difference: the job was not to take 40-50 years, but four. The project was carried out in co-operation with the village of Bredstedt across the border in Germany.
Toftlund did in fact manage to reduce CO2 by more than 50 % within 1995. This was achieved partly by converting the district heating system from coal to natural gas, but actual (stationary) energy consumption by households was also reduced. A technical evaluation shows that it fell by an average of 14 % in the 900 detached houses in the village during the project period (1992-95) and stayed at this lower level for the next two years, after which monitoring stopped.
Early in the project every household was given a report card, showing "Brundtland scores" on a scale of 1-10, according to how much electricity and heating energy they consumed relative to the size of their house. This helped get tongues wagging on the subject of energy use. Everyone with a medium-to-high (i.e. poor) score was offered an energy audit, and many chose to invest in conservation measures, spending a total of 8.7 million DKK (€ 1.2 M) of which 6.8 M DKK came out of their own pockets and the remainder from grants. Prices for weatherproofing and other measures were reduced as tenders could be called for to do several dozen jobs.
One interesting result was that while this reduced heating energy consumption by 12 %, electricity consumption fell twice as much - by 24 % - though this was largely unaffected by building improvements. This effect must have been due simply to the attention that was aroused to energy conservation, through various information activities as well as the scorecards. On the other hand, the municipality itself did not succeed in reducing its own energy consumption, despite investing 2 M DKK in improvements to its own buildings.
The experiments in Toftlund and Bredstedt have since led to the establishment of a European Brundtland Energy City Network of 17 municipalities.
mitigation of climate change
Objectives of the Good Practice
to reduce energy consumption and CO2 emissions by 30-50 % in 4 years
Participants of the Good Practice
municipaltiy of Toftlund
Target group of the Good Practice
Funding of the Good Practice
EU, Danish Energy Authority and local sources
More Details of the Good Practice
Documentation and documents
Address Danavej 15, DK-6620 Toftlund
Telephone +45-73 21 21 00
Telefax +45-74 83 05 32
Data sources and references
Stiftelsen Idebanken http://idebanken.no/english/Goodexamples/hoved.html (Accessed April, 10, 2009)