Cross Municipal Rehabilitation
Detailed description of the Good Practice
The city of Novgorod – located some 200 kilometres south of St Petersburg – has approximately 240,000 inhabitants. Situated on the ancient trade route between Central Asia and northern Europe, Novgorod was founded in the tenth century as Russia’s first capital. The city has been recognized as one of UNESCO’s world heritage sites since 1992.
In recent years, Novgorod’s stretched financial situation has led to the deterioration of some of its municipal services. This project will bring tackle some of these problems by bringing substantial improvements to the city’s wastewater, solid waste and district heating utilities. By doing so, the project would be expected to enhance Novgorod’s creditworthiness through key investments and an improved institutional set-up, build on the preparatory work already carried out by bilateral agencies, and reach consensus on a possible integrated cross-municipal investment package by May 2004.
Wastewater. The project’s investments would reduce the discharge of untreated effluents flowing into Lake Ilmen, the Volkhov river and, further down the watercourses to the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic Sea. The project would thus contribute to decreasing the existing load of phosphorous and nitrogen in the affected rivers, which ultimately flow into the Gulf of Finland. Excess phosphorous and nitrogen loads unbalance the waters’ ecological conditions negatively affecting plant and animal species. This unbalance – known as eutrophication – is the principal environmental problem in the Gulf of Finland.
Solid waste. Similarly, the project would invest in Novgorod’s solid waste utilities, particularly in waste handling. The project would help to:
- reduce soil and ground water contamination
- separate hazardous from non-hazardous waste
- increase waste recycling, and
- facilitate environmentally safe collection, separation, storage and disposal of waste
District heating. The project’s investments in Novgorod’s district heating system would include modern boilers and new sub-stations. In addition, new clients would be connected to the network, thus maximizing the improved services’ reach. The project would also include the replacement of old pipes with modern, well-insulated ones, which would have the potential for reducing air emissions by at least 50%.
waste water management
Objectives of the Good Practice
- Reduction of the phosphorous and nitrogen loads into the local rivers, ultimately flowing into the Gulf of Finland,
- Reduction of soil and ground water contamination
- Significant improvements in waste handling and recycling
- Potential reductions of air emissions by at least 50% due to energy-efficient heating pipelines
Participants of the Good Practice
The city of Novgorod and the municipal utilities in water, solid waste and district heating
Funding of the Good Practice
NDEP, Sida, DEPA
More Details of the Good Practice
PO Box 249, FIN-00171 Helsinki, Finland
Data sources and references
Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership
http://www.ndep.org/projectinfo.asp?ProjectID=124&type=nc&cont=prji&action=projectview (Accessed November 17, 2009)