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Study on residential preferences in the Turku urban region


Detailed description of the Good Practice

Turku conducted a study on residential preference in the Turku urban region to gather background information to support the urban planning work in the region. The study addresses the question of what kind of residential preferences do the residents of the Turku urban region have.

The studied data derive from a questionnaire sent to 3000 households in the region, of which 1137 adequately filled forms were returned. A simple random sample was used for selecting the respondents of the study, which resulted in spatially very representative data.

quality of life
urban planning
stakeholder involvement

Objectives of the Good Practice

to gather background information to support the urban planning work in the region

Participants of the Good Practice

citizens of the city of Turku

Funding of the Good Practice

with the financial assistance of the European Union (European Regional Development Fund within the BSR Programme)

More Details of the Good Practice

Residential preferences were studied using hypothetical moving situations.

The respondents were asked "If you moved at present moment, what kind of housing type you would choose?" and "If you moved at present moment, what kind of residential area you would choose?" Additionally, the respondents were asked to tell their opinion on several Likert scale statements related to housing preferences.

Cluster analysis was used to examine what kind of residential environments residents prefer. The result of eight groups was found to most adequately suit the housing situation in the Turku urban region. The groups were predominantly formed according to the hypothetical moving situations.

The residential preference groups were further examined by comparing how they relate to each other
according to variables representing different housing values. The results show that regardless of residents' diverging preference for housing type or residential area, a notable majority of them find the availability of shops and services nearby as well as closeness to nature very important factors for their housing. However, since the housing choice is an outcome of number different factors (such as spending resources or the location of the work place) the actual choice for a dwelling may be very different despite similar residential preference.

Based on this study, it becomes obvious that there is notably more demand than supply for urban detached or terraced housing with diverse commercial and public services in the residential area or its close vicinity. Conversely, there is more supply than demand for suburban blocks of flats. The challenge for the urban planning is to develop housing construction in a sustainable direction. Both detached and terraced housing is needed but residential development needs to be dense enough in order to enable the nearby shops, services and public transportation that residents prefer. However, although rather high densities are required, it is essential not to forget what kind of residential environments residents find pleasant and attractive.

Documentation and documents

More information:
Antti Vasanen: Asumispreferenssit Turun kaupunkiseudulla

Available files

Contact details

Christina Hovi christina.hovi(at)turku.fi

Mr. Lauri Hooli
Project coordinator
Mob. +358 40 764 0683

Ms. Maija Rusanen
Communication coordinator
Mob. +358 44 9075994