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Sustainable Urban development


Detailed description of the Good Practice

Kristiansand is one of five Norwegian urban municipalities which initiated co-operation with the Norwegian Ministry of Environment in 1993 for the purpose of de-veloping models and examples of sustainable urban development. The idea behind this work is to find solutions to environmental problems by considering them as a whole.The Environmental City Project there focuses on the following seven areas that together constitute a holistic approach to environmental challenges facing the urban region:
1. Land Use and Transport: The project aims at reducing people´s need for transport by increasing living density, providing services needed daily within a walking distance from homes, improving public transport and encouraging bicycling and walking.
2. Development of the City Centre: The goal is to increase the number of residents in the city centre by 25% and further develop pedestrian zones. Large parts of existing roads are to be converted into environmental streets where the traffic has to comply with pedestrians - not vice versa as on traditional roads
3. Local Communities: The goal is for all these communities to have a local supply of services, e.g., kirdergarten, primary school, cultural activities, post office, grocery story, etc., within a walking distance from home.
4. Nature, the aquatic environment and recreation areas: Both the city and local industry have invested considerable sums to ensure effective waste water treat-ment. As a result, the water quality has improved, and even salmon have returned to River Otra, which flows through Kristiansand. Green areas extend into the residential areas like green corridors, keeping the distance from people´s homes to continuous green areas short. Walking and bicycle paths also make the green structure an important part of the transport system.
5. Waste and Source Seperation: Kristiansand can be proud of the highest level of household waste recycling in Norway, about 60%. Paper and cardboard as well as bio-waste are collected separately. Hazardous waste is collected by pro-viding all households with a special box, which will be collected twice a year
6. Cultural Heritage and design of local communities: Now the challenge is to preserve the valuable cultural environments, repair unfortunate mistakes and avoid them in the future.
7. Attitudes: The project has set environmental education in kindergartens and schools into motion, and an environmental forum has been established to co-ordinate the environmental work of NGO´s.

Sustainable Urban development

Objectives of the Good Practice

The objective was to find solutions to environmental problems and bringing the whole city on the way to a sustainable development.

Participants of the Good Practice

Kristianstads Environmental Department, Norwegian Ministry of Environment

More Details of the Good Practice

Available files

Contact details

Oystein Holvik
Fax: +47 38 075100

Data sources and references

Baltic Cities Environmental Bulletin 4/1997