Development of a Health Impact Assesment Tool
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Public health can be affected by several societal sectors. Activities in the housing, environment, labor, traffic and social sectors are among the most important determinants for the health status of the population, which is why it is essential to work with Health Impact Assessment in relation to activities within these sectors.
On the basis of this the Division for Health in Sønderborg has developed a screening tool to be used in other divisions to determine if, and to what extent, a health impact assessment must be carried out. The screening tool is compiled on the basis of a simple model with three questions, originally used in Nordborg Municipality. The model is further developed to an institutionalized application in Sønderborg Municipality.
Social & Health
Objectives of the Good Practice
To develop a simple screening tool to measure health impact of activities performed on different societal/municipal sectors.
Participants of the Good Practice
Division for Health in Sønderborg
Target group of the Good Practice
Employees of the municipality
More Details of the Good Practice
The screening form is filled in as indicated in the form. Subsequently the screening form will state, that there has been performed a HIA-screening and that the estimation is one of the following three:
1. It is determined that the proposal is without significant health impact on the population and/or particular groups in the population.
2. It is determined that the proposal requires a short statement of the health impacts on the population or particular groups in the population
3. It is determined that the proposal requires a health impact assessment
Concerning number 1, no further actions will be carried out.
Concerning 2, a short account will be made starting from the influences and health impact noted in the screening form. The focus is on both positive and negative consequences. It is possible to use the listed guidelines.
Concerning 3, a health impact assessment will be carried out – by use of the listed guidelines.
Subsequently the screening from is mailed to the Division of Health. This gives the Division of Health the possibility to perform continuous assessments on the practical use of the screening tool works. The model is evaluated twice a year.
The screening tool is constructed so that each question is assigned a value. On all indicators the short-term consequences has the same value – therefore they have the same outcome in the screening tool. The screening tool is constructed so that if at least one of the questions has short-term consequences the conclusion will be that the proposal requires a short statement of the health impact.
In relation to the long-term consequences there is a differentiation between positive and negative consequences in the screening tool. It has no significance for the outcome of the screening whether the consequences are relevant for a particular group or the entire population. This statement is helping in the eventual further analysis. The making of a health impact assessment builds on the performed screening. The HIA begins by highlighting the indicators which have been marked as having an impact on the health status in the screening form.
Documentation and documents
Health Department of Sønderborg
6400 Sønderborg, Denmark
Phone: 8872 6400
Fax: 8872 6402
Data sources and references
(Visited on the 12th of December 2008)