Healthy urban planning and health impact assessment: experience of joint implementation of two key Healthy Cities dimensions
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Due to the great changes in the economic sphere and has increased housing construction in the city of Stavropol, the Committee on Urban Planning and Department of Architecture have been working out a draft general plan for city development for the period until 2030.
The situation in the city forces local authorities to change urban planning activity from an extensive mode to an intensive one, to depart from constant expansion of the area of Stavropol (especially as this reserve is practically exhausted) and to focus on qualitative organization and intensive positive reorganization of the city environment. The draft general plan for city development will be discussed at public hearings. Residents have the right to submit their comments and remarks to the City Administration.
Within the dimensions of Phase IV of the WHO European Healthy Cities Project, the City has been implementing two urban planning initiatives according to principles of healthy urban planning.
Housing is being constructed in new city residential areas and social and cultural establishments erected, which will be equipped with means of making them available for vulnerable population groups. The development and construction of new engineering networks is being planned.
Preservation of existing forest belts will promote the maintenance of ecology and provide an opportunity for using them as additional vacation spots. At the same time, we prepared an application for conducting health impact assessment on these projects, the first time this has been done in the Russian Federation.
1. As a result of the project it was possible to form and train an intersectoral group of experts on city-planning initiatives assessment, who developed a common approach to urban planning decisions.
2. We managed to provide a complex assessment by overcoming sectoral disconnection.
3. Project implementation gave the opportunity to increase the acknowledgement of importance of healthy urban planning principles by decision-makers.
4. The experts acknowledged the most important problem which needed solution – absence of acting mechanisms for providing full correspondence of project’s objectives with real objects’ destination
5. The way of making complex assessment without target financing is unclear today.
Objectives of the Good Practice
The aim of the HIA was to make a complex health impact assessment of two town-planning initiatives and prepare recommendations for builders and decision-makers on minimization of negative impact and strengthening positive impact of these two projects on citizens’ health.
Participants of the Good Practice
Committee on Urban Planning and Department of Architecture, City of Stavrapol, decision-makers
Target group of the Good Practice
More Details of the Good Practice
Dr Karen Amlaev
Healthy City Project Coordinator
MUZ- Stavropol Center for Preventive Medince
Tel: +7 865 2 38 38 94
Fax: +7 865 2 26 16 14
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region