The Health Profile of Older People of the City of Stavropol
Detailed description of the Good Practice
The proportion of older people in the population is increasing in Stavropol and in other regions of the Russian Federation. At the same time, average life expectancy is low: 69.4 years. Further, people of more than 80 nationalities live in Stavropol, including many migrants who have come to our city after ethnic conflicts, including those in the Chechen Republic. All this requires a differentiated approach to implementing social policy concerning older people.
The intersectoral group on healthy longevity consisting of scientists, sociologists, physicians, represen-tatives of social services and public organizations of older people organized actions for revealing the strengths and weaknesses of the municipal policy in relation to older people. It was decided to publish a Health Profile of Older People. The model of Elderly people Health and living standards profile which had been presented and discussed at the Conference on Healthy ageing in June 2005 in Stockholm was taken for a basis of the health profile. For its preparation, sociological research of people of declining years of quality of life was carried out, and the results of questioning were supplemented with data from official statistics for the past five years. For example, only 7% of older people believe they are healthy, and 38% do not consider themselves healthy. The data became the basis for the first health profile of older people in the Russian Federation.
The Health Profile was published in 17 000 copies and delivered to older people and to representatives of various sectors of our community, including the city administration.
A municipal target programme for social support of the population of the City of Stavropol has been developed for solving the practical problems of older people. One item of the programme is activities regarding the social protection of older people. The Departments of Public Health Services and Social Protection are now developing a strategy for improving the social health of older people, which will be reflected in the strategic plan for protecting and promoting residents’ health.
- regular questioning of elderly people help to develop social policy maximally corresponding to social needs of aged people;
- creation of intersectoral group on “Healthy ageing” helps to use resources of different social groups (material, intellectual and others) effectively. The partners are: Stavropol city administration and its departments, public organizations of elderly people;
- Elderly people profile is a single informational field and analytical document which gives a basis for developing improvement strategies of health and quality of life of elderly people. It’s a tool of influence on decision-makers and a mean of relations of authorities, population and public organization.
Objectives of the Good Practice
The purpose Health Profile was not only to determine trends in changes in the quality of life and health of older people but also to supply them with the information about what social services are available, what public or-ganizations can protect their interests and where they can find companions to reduce loneliness.
More Details of the Good Practice
Dr Karen Amlaev
Healthy City Project Coordinator
MUZ- Stavropol Center for Preventive Medince
Tel: +7 865 2 38 38 94
Fax: +7 865 2 26 16 14
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region