Service for Elderly People in Pärnu
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Pärnu is a Estonian town with 44,000 residents, where both tourism and environmentally friendly industry is developed.
Pärnu is a member of the European Spas Association, ESPA and European Federation of Conference Towns, EFCT, and starting in 2004, a board member of both organizations. Pärnu has joined the movement of healthy cities (World Health Organization, WHO). Pärnu has 15 friendship and partner cities in eight different countries. On November 23, 2004, UNICEF named Pärnu as a town friendly to children and young people for three years. Children's and young people's activities are an important field in Pärnu, for which exertions and efforts are expended.
In the last ten years the dynamics of Pärnu's population have been characterised by a decreasing trend. According to the prognosis of the population of Pärnu County, the population will decrease by 15 % by the year 2025.
As of 01.01.2005, the City's population is 43,528, whereof 25 % is made up by the elderly, i.e. people aged 65 years and older. But the decrease in this age group is the smallest (5 %).
Foreseeing it, the social policy has to be extremely diverse – sustainable towards human resources and directed at alleviating poverty, supportive of employment and taking into consideration economic possibilities.
In the development plan of the town of Pärnu until the year 2015, the following general objectives of human development have been laid down:
- strong social competence of inhabitants and increased capacity and will to operate;
- inhabitants' good health and strong capacity for work;
- general education corresponding to various potentials and interests;
- opportunities to acquire a vocation for people without basic education and special needs;
- social welfare system effectively and flexibly supporting independent coping and decent human environment
- network of support services stimulating employment and covering every risk group
- functioning multilevel nursing network
The objectives of social environment of Pärnu Agenda 21 – the sustainable development plan of a healthy City – are as follows:
- provision of further education and in-service training to adults and dissemination of necessary infor-mation
- in co-operation with Pärnu Hospital, the establishment of a nursing day centre for the elderly
Existing opportunities and activities for the elderly in Pärnu:
- Social welfare centre for the elderly with 42 spaces in it. It provides full care for the elderly trans-ferred to general care homes, incl. opportunities to have hobbies, participate in events and 23 personal care workers who provide home service.
- Soup kitchen has been established to provide a hot meal. In 2004, and average of 180 people were served and, on the average, 120 servings of soup were distributed daily.
- Tammiste Nursing Home has 71 spaces. 24 hour care and nursing is provided to the elderly and psy-chochronics. The nursing home has good opportunities for spending free time – café, sports room and a computer room.
- In the day centre for the elderly there are 15 groups and societies: 4 gymnastics groups, 2 mixed folk dancing groups, 6 singing clubs, folk music ensemble, handicraft groups – 478 people in total partici-pate in the work of these groups.
- Gymnastics, ballroom dancing and folk dancing groups and a singing group operate in the association of the elderly “Elulust“ (Joy for Life), with 150 retired citizens taking part in them.
- There are 4 city district societies – in addition to the elderly the young people of every district also participate in their work.
Planned actions in the development plan of Pärnu for 2005 – 2008, which are financially covered:
- carrying out surveys for the need for training and working opportunities of adults
- establishing a co-operation network of training institutions providing lifelong learning (in-service and retraining) and developing co-operation
- providing vocational in-service and retraining, incl. to people with special needs
- establishing possibilities for lifelong learning for different target groups: older manual workers, non-Estonian population
- creating sporting places – skiing, jogging, hiking trails
- organising sporting events: annual race, skiing trail of Kalev, cycling tours, gymnastics days
- organising health days, health training for the inhabitants
- establishing a nursing day centre for the elderly
- developing a nursing care network, incl. Geriatrics Department in hospital, nursing care department, daily nursing and home care service
- building new living quarters for the nursing home
- expanding the rehabilitation centre for people with special needs
- building a boarding house for the elderly
- creating new routes for public transport and extending the existing ones
Services supporting social welfare in the City of Pärnu
- Providing home care service to the elderly of the City. The service is provided both to elderly peo-ple living alone and together, of whom one or both need assistance in coping with everyday life.
- Transport service for disabled people with profound or severe visual impairment, physical and men-tal disability or some other profound or severe disability.
- Home nursing care service for the elderly and people with special needs, who need nursing and counselling in coping with everyday life according to their state of health.
- Providing care home services for the elderly and people with special needs, who are not able to live on their own and whose coping can not be ensured by providing other social services or other assis-tance.
- Soup kitchen service for providing a hot meal is provided to the City's pensioners, people who have difficulties in coping and don't have any means of support and to long-term unemployed receiving reha-bilitation service
- Adults' shelter service is provided to adults in the City of Pärnu, who do not have a safe and regular place to spend the night.
- Providing support person services to people with mental disorder and mental disability, who need assistance in coping with everyday life and communicating with surrounding environment.
- Providing personal assistant services to people with severe and profound physical disability or visual impairment, who need assistance in everyday life.
Service for elderly people
Target group of the Good Practice
Elderly people - residents of Pärnu
More Details of the Good Practice
Healthy Cities Project Coordinator
Pärnu Town Government
Uus Street 4
Tel: +372 53414300
Fax: +372 4431019
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region