Poznan City Health Development Plan
Detailed description of the Good Practice
The City of Poznan, as a commune and town with the rights of an administrative district, is responsible for the implementation of statutory obligations in the area of health promotion and protection. Consequently, activities to improve the health and quality of life of the inhabitants have been long undertaken, by organising preventive actions and financing prevention programmes which complement the scope of services financed by the National Health Fund. The activities are positively appreciated by the citizens of Poznan.
Being concerned to ensure that activities aimed at meeting the medical needs of the inhabitants are continued, the City proposed a Poznan Health Plan for the years 2003-2008 – main directions of activities in aid of Poznan’s inhabitants’ health, which has been adopted by Poznan City Council.
The Plan comprises an analysis of the state of health of Poznan’s inhabitants, providing a foundation for the prioritisation of prevention and health promotion activities. The main emphasis has been put on preventive activities, these being organised and financed from the City budget.
Bearing in mind that health – according to a multifarious definition of the World Health Organisation – means not only the absence of disease but also a feeling of good physical, mental and social being, the study also presents the directions of activities indirectly connected with health and the improvement of the quality of life in areas concerning natural environment, social background and urban infrastructure.
The general condition of health of people living in cities is determined by interactions between the socio-economic conditions, lifestyle, quality of local life and the level of medical and social services. The conditions can have:
- a positive impact:
health benefits following from urban development, including provision of healthy work and life environment, suitable accommodation, supply of healthy food and water, municipal infrastructure, safe transportation and accessibility of medical services, including highly specialised services;
- a negative impact:
adverse effects of pollution of local environment on health, including air, water and land pollution as well as noise level.
Directed by the above-mentioned interpretations, in 1994 the authorities of the City of Poznan formulated a long-term Strategic Programme of Development for the City of Poznan. The Programme has provided common grounds for co-operation of the local authorities with economic and social institutions as well as the inhabitants in the implementation of its undertakings.
Activities performed under the Strategic Programme of Development of the City of Poznan are aimed at improving the quality of life of Poznan’s inhabitants and developing the urban organism. The activities concern, among other things, improvement of the natural environment – mainly by minimising the negative impact of civilisation and urban, transport or social infrastructure.
One of the projects undertaken as part of the Programme is the initiation and integration of activities of public institutions and non-governmental organisations to strengthen the health and quality of life of Poznan’s inhabitants, including:
- co-organisation of preventive and health promoting activities for Poznan’s inhabitants;
- support for non-governmental organisations working in aid of health care;
- development of co-operation and exchange of experiences with Polish and European cities in the area of health policy.
The Poznan Health Plan for the years 2003-2008 is integrally connected with the Strategic Programme of Development of the City of Poznan and in particular is to indicate the directions of pro-health activities on the basis of the analysis of the health condition of Poznan’s inhabitants as given in the Poznan Health Report for the years 1997-1999 and other medical statistics, as well as to emphasise the health and environmental problems which need to be addressed.
Additionally, in the context of protecting the health of Poznan’s inhabitants, the main emphasis is on the planning of preventive actions against the most common health problems and the pursuance of an active policy to promote a healthy lifestyle.
The activities are executed through mutual co-operation of public and non-public institutions and non-governmental organisations directly and indirectly involved in the protection of health. It is assumed that the social initiatives and the potential of the inhabitants, who should actively participate in the proposed activities, will be effectively used, and that public resources will be rationally distributed.
Objectives of the Good Practice
The Plan aims to provide information on the health of the local community to institutions and organisations involved in activities for the improvement of health, and also to assist in joint projects improving the health and standard of living of Poznan’s inhabitants.
The objective of the Poznan Health Plan for the years 2003-2008 is to ensure the improvement of the level of health of Poznan’s inhabitants and the quality of their life in the natural and social environment, by proposing specific preventive and health promoting services and other projects connected with the environmental and economic surroundings.
Participants of the Good Practice
The Poznan Health Plan for the years 2003-2008 originated thanks to the cooperation of the respective departments and units of the Poznan Municipal Office, the Municipal Police Office in Poznan, the District Labour Office in Poznan and the Wielkopolska Public Health Centre.
More Details of the Good Practice
Healthy City Project Coordinator
Department of health and Social Affairs
Poznan City Hall
17 Plac Kolegiacki
Tel: +48 618785481
Fax: +48 618785679
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region