Poznan Healthy Urban Planning
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Healthy urban planning has been so far executed mainly by means of provisions concerning the objectives of city development and planning. Provisions concerning the mentioned issues were included both in the Local Planning Scheme for the City of Poznan (Resolution of Poznan City Council, 1994) and in the “Study on the conditions and directions of Poznan’s urban planning” (Resolution of Poznan City Council, 1999).
The documents specify arrangements undertaken for the protection of the environment and its improvement, as well as for the protection of conditions and the quality of life of the inhabitants, including:
• provisions banning the location of functions burdensome to the environment in the city centre and provisions on the specific rules of development for specified objects, particularly dangerous and burdensome, in the territory of the city,
• provisions aimed at protecting greenery,
• provisions aimed at protecting grounds intended for housing development and reserved for the so-called “weak” functions: health, education, culture, sport and recreation,
• introduction of greenery indicators for grounds intended for development,
• decisions impacting the shape of the acoustics climate in the external environment.
In the urban planning policy formulated in the “Study...” :
• Issues connected with the protection of the environment are a leading theme of the objectives, conditions and directions of the urban planning formulated for the individual elements of planning which create spatial systems (preservation of nature, power industry, water and sewerage system, transportation). The objectives were formulated on the basis of stipulations included in the Istanbul Declaration adopted by countries participating in the Habitat II Conference in Istanbul (1996).
• One of the adopted objectives – “a people-friendly city of opportunities” – means that the principle of eco-development has been accepted as a determinant of the socio-economic development of the city.
• The city is structured around grounds valuable in terms of nature: nature and scenery complexes (ap-prox. 5650 ha – 21.6% of the city’s area) and wedges of greenery (9549 ha – 36.5% of the city’s area). Smaller structures include: nature reserves (67.3 ha – 0.26% of the city’s area) and ecological farmland (1900 ha – 7.3% of the city’s area).
Additionally, decisions aimed at the protection of the environment and its improvement as well as at the protection of conditions and the quality of life of the inhabitants have been introduced to the local planning schemes for small areas, through e.g. provisions banning the localisation of functions burdensome to the environment, reservation of grounds for the so-called weak functions: health, education, culture, sport and recreation, decisions impacting the shape of the acoustics climate in the external environment.
First and foremost intensification is required in the area of activities conducive to the preservation of a healthy city planning scheme (in macro scale). Consequently the local planning schemes should cover the largest areas regarded as valuable in terms of nature, i.e. three nature and scenery complexes: “Morasko” (2410 ha – 9.22% of the city’s area), “Michalówka” (2420 ha – 9.26% of the city’s area), “Gluszyna” (820 ha - 3.14% of the city’s area), and local planning schemes for the wedges of greenery.
Planning schemes drawn up for the above-mentioned areas will help to provide effective protection for them, as key areas for a healthy city.
Objectives of the Good Practice
Proposed activities scheduled for the years 2004-2007 refer to the information given in points 1 and 2 and concern:
• the need to clarify provisions and establish standards for areas valuable in terms of nature. including the wedges of greenery, on account of the amendments to the study on the conditions and directions of Poznan’s urban planning, currently being prepared by the City;
• undertaking of work aimed at formulating a local planning scheme for the Morasko nature and scenery complex.
These activities will be continued through amendments to the study on the conditions and directions of Poznan’s urban planning, currently being prepared by the City.
More Details of the Good Practice
Healthy City Project Coordinator
Department of health and Social Affairs
Poznan City Hall
17 Plac Kolegiacki
Tel: +48 618785481
Fax: +48 618785679
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region