Public health questionnaire – a tool for implementing healthy ageing
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Since the 1980s, the Stockholm County Council has undertaken public health questionnaires every fourth year and used the information in public heath profiles or reports. During 2006, a new questionnaire was sent to 57 000 inhabitants with a focus set on the elderly.
The process of making the questionnaire differed in 2006 compared with earlier years in three ways. The first aspect was that we had a steering group of health care purchasers and heads of different departments of the Centre for Public Health, ensuring that all aspects were represented in the questionnaire. Secondly, this time we made it possible for the different municipalities to make an extensive selection of 1000 people when sending the questionnaire. Thirdly, mostly because Stockholm is participating in the healthy ageing subnetwork, this time we made the questionnaire in two different variations: one for people 16–64 years old and one for people 65–84 years old.
Most questions were the same, but in the questionnaire for the older population the questions about work-related issues were changed to questions related to social support, trust, access to services etc. As we are part of the healthy ageing subnetwork, we wanted questions that could be related to the four healthy ageing objectives, and the data can be used in local healthy ageing profiles for the municipalities.
The response rate for the questionnaire was 62%, but for the older population it was 74%. The report of the questionnaire is based on the determinants for health, and both the younger and older population are represented in the same report to make the life course perspective more obvious.
Conclusion & lessons learnt
• Public Health Profiles/ Public Health reports are important tools for understanding the health and social situation for the older population.
• Gender and age are clear dividers within elderly group, the results of the questionnaire should also be respected when planning for and listening to the elderly, a group that is far from homogenous.
• Increasing participation of NGO’s in the health care and other service for the elderly demands public authorities to handle
• Confidence in societal service seems to have gender, ethnic and age group related differences. This needs to be analyzed issues of security, quality and trust with a gender balanced and age adapted view further.
More Details of the Good Practice
Documentation and documents
The Public Health Profile 2007 can be found in: http://www.folkhalsoguiden.se/Pressmeddelande.aspx?id=2482
Coordinator of Healthy City Stockholm County
Center for Public Health
Stockholm County Council
S-118 91 Stockholm
Tel: +46 8 737 35 20
Fax: +46 8 517 78 099
Data sources and references
Baltic Region Healthy Cities Association
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Health in the Baltic Region