Vehicles on biogas
Detailed description of the Good Practice
Linköping is one of the Sweden's ten largest cities. Here, the diesel haze lay heavily over Trädgårdstorget square in the city center at the need of the 1980s. A long term biogas effort provided both healthier air, better resource utilization and technical and economic development. At the same time the need to take care of the waste from the district's meat-packing industry and manure from local farmers was the solution to the problem of finding an environmentally friendly fuel. Waste from the food industry and sewage sludge is refined into vehicle gas in the municipality's biogas plant.
The first biogas bus rolled pot on the streets of Lindköping 15 years ago. The biogas buses are quieter than the old diesel buses, so the noise level has been lowered at the same time that the air in the city has become cleaner. Air pollution has been more than cut in half since measurements began at the end of the 1980s and they continue to drop.
Objectives of the Good Practice
to decrease the air pollution through introduction of biogas fleet
Participants of the Good Practice
city of Linköping
Svens Biogas AB
the municipal company Tekniska Verken
Target group of the Good Practice
citizens of Linköping
Funding of the Good Practice
city of Linköping
More Details of the Good Practice
Today there are more than 1000 biogas vehicles in the city. These include all the city buses as well as taxis, refuse lorries, private cars, company cars, leasing cars and even a train! This one of the largest biogas fleets in the world.
"Biogas accounts for 6%of the total fuel consumption in the municipality today and it is constantly rising. Sales at biogas petrol stations reached an all-time high in 2008 - a total of 280 new customers were registered during the year. Biogas is an important piece of the puzzle in achieving regional target of a 25-percent reduction of fossil fuels in the transport sector from 2000 to 2010", Helena Kock Åström, Environmental Strategist at the Municipality of Linköping, explains.
Svensk Biogas AB, which is subsidiary of the municipal company Tekniska Verken in Linköping sells the production surplus of biogas to other municipalities in the region through its own refilling stations. In 2007 slightly more than 7 million Nm3 of biogas was sold which corresponds to as many liters of petrol.
The long-term biogas effort and the local development of biogas technology have made strong contribution to the existence of the Environmental Technology Center (MTC), operated by the municipalities of Lindköping and Nörrköping together with Linköping University. The two neighboring municipalities invest in several different areas to achieve their vision of being a climate-smart region.
Documentation and documents
Local Action on Climate Change - Swedish Eperiences. Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions
Hornsgatan 20, Stockholm, Sweden
SE-118 82 Stockholm
Data sources and references
Local Action on Climate Change - Swedish Experiences. Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions