Using Clean Vehicles in the City
Detailed description of the Good Practice
For the past decade, the City of Malmö has been working actively to increase the number of vehicles running with more environmentally friendly fuels.
In 1995-2000 a demonstration project for electric cars was run together with the local energy company Sydkraft AB and KFB, a governmental institute. 100 electric vehicles and two rubbish vans were introduced.
The infrastructure for electric cars was developed and information campaigns were made within different target groups. The awareness rising in the municipality on alternative car choices and specific knowledge of them was very important for the continuity of the project. The importance to place cars where they function well due to their short range and to place them with people valuing their functions, was realised.
The city council´s target that the municipal car fleet should consist of 25% clean vehicles in 2000 was easily reached. Thus, in 2001 a new target was set to 50% in 2003.
Malmö has worked actively with the regional public transport coordinator and a local gas company to increase the number of gas buses in the city. In 2003 all of the 200 city buses were run on natural gas. This was the largest fleet of natural gas buses in northern Europe.
Building of new infrastructure for refuelling is an important part of the success.
The public can use two electric street trains for transportation as well.
The cities of Malmö and Stockholm have worked together to support the introduction of cleans vehicles on the Swedish market, with influencing the Swedish government to facilitate the introduction of clean vehicles.
Information to the citizens and enterprises is an important part of the work. A centre for sustainable transports called Milore Centre is built like a network of competence from municipalities, companies, universities and other organisations in the Oresund-region.
- sustainable transport
- renewable energies
- climate protection
Objectives of the Good Practice
The goal is to reduce negative impacts from traffic on public health and on local and global environment, and to support the introduction of clean vehicles on the Swedish market.
Participants of the Good Practice
City of Malmö
KFB (as cooperation partners for the demonstartion project)
ViSAB (owner of the vehicles)
More Details of the Good Practice
Clean vehicles include electric and hybrid electric vehicles, biogas and natural gas vehicles, ethanol vehicles, some bio-diesel vehicles and vehicles with very low consumption of petrol and diesel. The vehicles are hointly owned by a municipal company called ViSAB and the city´s departments. ViSAB leases their vehicles to different municipal offices. As the target is 50% there is a rule that offices have to have specific reasons for NOT leasing a clean vehicle.
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Data sources and references
Baltic Cities Environmental Bulletin 1/2003